Ceramic vessel 2086-1. Oppidum Puente Tablas

Ceramic vessel of the room E from the building A of the palatial complex of the Iberian oppidum of Puente Tablas (Jaén, Spain). Oxidising atmosphere. Decoration with black and red lines. The red color is obtained using hematite (Fe2O3). The black color is manufactured using a oxide of manganese identified by MRS as bixbyite/hausmannite (Mn2O3/Mn3O4) and jacobsite (MnFe2O4). Bixbyite/hausmannite are the result of the transformation of pyrolusite when firing temperature is set above 450ºC and below 900ºC. The presence of jacobsite means a temperature reaching the 900ºC.

New product


: 4.5 Centimeters

: 3 Centimeters




: Iberians, Iberian

: 5th ct. BC.


: Oppidum de Puente Tablas

: Puente Tablas, Jaén, Spain

: WGS84



Creative Commons - Attribution, Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (BY-NC-ND)

Digital Resources


Archaeometric analysis

Physical-chemical analysis

Ceramic. Analysis of decoration

University Research Center for Iberian Archaeology

Raman Microscopy

Mineral analysis of the red and black decoration

Non destructive. Surface cleaning. Sample pretreatment is not required. Direct measurement.

Micro-Raman Spectroscopy (MRS)

Renishaw ‘in via’ Reflex Spectrometer coupled with a confocal Leica DM LM microscope (CICT, University of Jaén), equipped with a diode laser (785 nm, 300 mW), and a Peltier-cooled CCD detector, calibrated to the 520.5 cm-1 line of silicon.


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